Nigeria is characterized by three major vegetations namely;
1.Rain Forest Vegetation
This is found in all the southern part of Nigeria such as south east, south west and south south.
This vegetation is further decided into salt water swamp, found in Niger Delta, while fresh water swamp is found in further inland of River valley and high forest in the east, west and Niger Delta.
This part of the witnesses heavy down rainfall.
2. Savannah Grassland Vegetation
This is found in the middle belt or north central which comprises the following states: Benue, kogi, plateau, Kwara, Niger and some parts of Kaduna, all along the middle section of Nigeria.
In this place, we have light rainfall, low relative humidity and high temperature but not as high as is the case in the far north.
3. Sahel/Semi-Desert Vegetation
It is found in far northeast and northwest such states includes Adamawa, Bauchi, Kastina, Kano, Kebbi, Sokoto, Gombe, Borno and some parts of Gongola.
In this area, tall grasses grow, forest trees are absent instead. Trees such as oil bean, locust bean tree and Shea butter dominate the vegetation.
Climate Conditions of Nigeria
Nigeria lies within the tropics and has generally tropical climate with two main seasons and these includes rain/wet season and dry season.
1. The Raining Season
Rainy season starts about April in the southern part of the country, and May last up to September same year.
Cities along the coast such as Port-Harcourt, Lagos l, Calabar and Warri experience rainfall in October, November and March while in the far North, such as sokoto, Kano, Katsina among others does not have rainfall until July or August. Shows that dry season lasts longer in the far North than in the southern parts of Nigeria. What is being said here is that it is not unusual to experience heavy down pour or rains in decor January in such areas as Port-Harcourt, Calabar and Warri.
2.The Dry Season
In Nigeria, the dry season starts around October in the southern part of Nigeria and ends in March the next year.
In some places, dry season last longer than the periods such places includes, Sokoto, Kano, Katsina.
In the north, it starts about August and May not end till about May or June the following year.
There is evidence that the season lasts longer in the northern parts of the country.
These are vegetation and climates conditions in Nigeria.
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