Chronology Of Nigeria From 600BCE Till Date.

Below are the chronological dates of Nigeria.

600 – 200CE 

Evidence of Nok civilization

900 – 1000CE 

Islam introduced in northern Nigeria. And also the establishment of Hausa kingdom, Benin kingdom, Kenem-Bornu empire and the Oyo empire.

1300 – 1600 

Height of trans-sahara teade. Also the Oyo empire and the Sefawa Dynasty in Northern Nigeria.


Portuguese traders visit the bight of Benin.


Joao Alfonso d’ Alveiro visit Benin kingdom and invite the king Ozohia to Portugal.


The first printing of Olaudal equiano’s narrative.

1797 – 1806

Mungo park explores the Niger river.


Usman Danfodio leads the jihad war (holy war) in the Hausa kingdom.


The British abolished slave trade in England.

1822 -1826 

Hugh Clapper ton travels across Nigeria and records his encounter with royalty.


Legitimate trade begins inthe hinterland by way of the Niger river.


Final collapsing of Oyo empire.


The first (Anglican) church missionary society members arrived in Nigeria during expedition on Niger river.


The Wesleyan Methodist missionary society establishes the first Christian mission at Badagry.


Rhe Anglican church eatablishes a christian mission at Abeokuta.


John beecroft establishes the first diplomatic outpost at Lagos.


The circulation of Nigeria’s first newspaper ‘Iwe ihorin’, which was written in Yoruba

1849 – 1893 

The Yoruba wars, including the Ijayi war.


The British seize Lagos from king Dosumu ansld establish the Lagos colony.


George Goldie starts the United African Company.


Oil rivers protectorate was established


The National African Company becomes the Royal Niger Company upon receipt of the royal charter from the British government.


The British claim territory in northern Nigeria through the Anglo-French agreement.


The Gallwey treaty between the British and the king of Benin was signed.


The oil rivers protectorate becomes the Niger coast protectorate.


The Akassa Massacre in the Niger Delta involving the people of brass and Royal Niger Constabulary.

The founding of the Hope Waddel Training Institute at Calabar.


The name “Nigeria” was officially adopted.

December 1899

The establishment of the protectorate of Northern Nigeria and the protectorate of Southern Nigeria.


The British revoke the Royal Niger Company’s charter and combine the Niger coast protectorate with nearby area to form the protectorate of Southern Nigeria. Likewise, area in the North become the protectorate of Northern Nigeria.


The British conquer and takes the sokoto caliphate.


The Niger Trader’s Association was formed.

September: The founding of King’s college.


Sir Fredrick Lugard was appointed governor of protectorate.


The amalgamation of protectorate

1914 – 1918 

The British recruit Nigeria troops during the world war 1.


Coal mining begins at Enugu.


The Lago town council is established


The Clifford constitution is implemented.


Ladipo Solanke forms the West African Students in London.


The Daily Times, Nigeria’s first English language newspaper, begins circulation.


Aba Riot occur in Southeastern.


The advert of Aladura churches and Yaba high college.


The Lagos youth movement is formed.


The Nigeria youth movement is formed.


Shal -D’ Arcy exploration company begins oil exploration in Niger Delta.


Sir Alhaji Amadu Bello recieves the ceremonial title of Sardauna


Southern Nigeria is divided into eastern and western province.

1939 – 1945 

The British recruit Nigeria troops during the second world war II


Chief Micheal Imoudu forms the rainway workers union.


The National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroon is created

1945 june – August

General Strike by the Nigeria’s labour Union.

January 1946

Implementation of Richard Construction and the creation of three regions.


The University college of Ibadan was founded.


The Northern People’s Congress is created.

march 1950

Chief Obafemi Awolowo created Action Group.


The MacPherson Construction is implemented.


Nigeria’s three major political parties attend a constitutional conference to discuss the adoption ofna federal constitutional and allowance of self government for any region desiring for it.

May: kano riot take place in the midst of tense political campaigns.


The Lyttleton construction is implemented.


Chief Obafemi Awolowo launches the Universal primary education program in western region.


The shell-Bp petroleum company discover commercial quantities of petrolatum in the Niger Delta.

The mid West movement agitates for creation of mid West region.


Black Orpheus befings publication.

September: the British launch the willink commission on minority groups.

The eastern and western declare self rule.

April: The establishment of the Nigeria Broadcasting Corporation.


The first of petroleum was exported.

Sussanne Wenger and her colleagues start the new sacred Art movement.


The northern region declares self rule.

The central bank of Nigeria was established.

December: Nigeria hold it’s first election in preparation for independence.


October: Nigeria becomes independent.

May: Nigeria joins British Commonwealth.


The University of Ife was established.


University of Lagos and Amadu Bello University was established.

Action group crisis erupts in the western region.

The creation of the Jama’ atu Nasril Islam to promote Islam and unit Muslims.


Nigeria’s first population is held, but not released.

A portion of Western region was made into the mid western region

September: Chief Obafemi Awolowo was imprisoned on charge of felony.

October: Nigeria becomes a republic


Nigeria holds election which many people from the western and the eastern boycotted.


October: the western region holds election which results to violence.


January: the first military Coup d’ état occurs,. placing major general Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi as head of state.

24 may: Aguiyi Ironsi abolishes region, creating centralized administrative structured

Northerees rejected Aguiyi Ironsi removal of regions and engaged in violent attack on southerners, mainly igbos, living in north.

29th July: Northern officers launch the second military coup d’ état and place general Yakubu Gowon as the head of state.

August: Chief Chukwuemeka Ojukwu, Governor of eastern region rejects Gowon’s authority.


January: The Aburi conference was held, but was not successful.

May: Gowon transformed Nigeria four regions into 12 states. In responses, Ojukwu declares the eastern region independence and renames it “Republic of Biafra”.

July: The civil war begins.

September 19 -21: the mid western region decleared independent and the republic of Benin.


June: Ojukwu present the Ahi ava declaration, declaring the Republic of Biafra a socialist state.

The petroleum degree was issued.

August: peace talks were held in Kampala.


7th January: Ojukwu leaves Biafra for Ivory coast.

12th January: Biafra surrender ending the Civil war.


April: Creation of the state ownedNigerian National Oil Corporation.

July: Nigeria join the Organization of Petroleum Exporting countries


The Nigeria supreme council of Islamic affairs is established to unify and represent all Muslim.

January: The national currency was switched to naira.

June: Gowon set up the national youth service corps program to promote unity.


The second population census was taken, but the results were n released.


May: The Economic of West Africa States was formed.

July: the third military coup’ d état took place, making General Murtala Mohammed head of state.


February: Muhammad Murtala created seven states, bringing in addition of states to nineteen (19).

He select Abuja as the future site of Nigeria capital.

13th February: Muhammad Murtala was assassinated and General Olusegun Obasanjo becomes the head of state.

September: A universal program was lauched nation wide.


From January to February, Nigeria hosted the world Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture.

April: The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation replaces National Oil Corporation as the state oil company.


The unification of all major trade unions into national union, called “Nigeria Labour Congress”.


The formation of the Okigbo Commission to assess revenue allocation.

August: Aspect of British petroleum’s Operation are nationalized.

October: Alhaji Aluyu Usman Shagari was elected as president marking the start of Nigeria’s second republic.

December: Shagari launches the green revolution


The maitatsine erupts in the north


Pope John Paul II of the Catholic Church make visit to Nigeria.


Nigeria start a structure adjustment program

December: The fourth military coup d’etat take place, removing Shagari and installing Major General Muhammadu Buhari as the head of state. This transfer of power mark the end of second republic.


Buhari launches his war against indiscipline program.


The Fifth military coup d’etat eject Buhari and install General Ibrahim Babangida.


Wole Soyinka won noble prize for literature.

Nigeria join the organization of Islamic conference.


Babangida created two states, making the total number of states to twenty-one.

March: The kafachan riot erupts in Kaduna state.

July: The founding of the mass mobilization for self reliance, social justice and economic recovery program.


Babangida allows only two political parties – (the social democratic and the national republican convention)


The creation of the Economic Community of West African State Monitoring Group(ECOMOG).


The third population census was taken, placing Nigeria’s population of 88.5 millions people.

August: Babangida created several new states, increasing the number of states to thirty.

December: Abuja replace Lagos as Nigeria’s capital.


The movement for survival of the Ogoni people was formed.

July: The oil mineral producing areas development commission was established to improve the economic situation for the inhabitants of Niger Delta.


A failed presidential election takes place which would have marked the start of third republic.

Chief M.K.O Abiola who was identify as the winner, was accused of treason and imprisoned.

August: Babangida passes power to the interim national government.


The national democratic coalition was formed.

November: the sixth military coup d’etat ends the interim national government and place General Sani Abachanas the new head of state.


The national human right commission was established.

March: Abacha unfairly tries and imprisoned prominent politicians.

August: The Oduduwa people’s congress was formed in response to the annulled presidential election of 1993.

1st October:  Abacha declare the transition of civilian government in three years.

November: Ken Sawiwa along with eight Ogoni leader was hanged by Abacha.

Nigeria membership in the commonwealth Secretariat was suspended until 1999.


June: Abacha lift the bans on political associations, allowing for the organization of political parties.

September: Abacha unveils his vision 2010 plan.

October: Abacha creates six states, making a total of thirty-six state.


The emergence of the Ijaw youth council.

The second waves of violent clashes between the modekeoke and ife ( a Yoruba subgroup) occured in Ile-ife.

The Independent National Electoral Commission was created to oversee elections.

8th June: Abacha dies and General Absulsalami Abubakar replace him as the head of state.

7th July: Abiola dies in prison.

20th July: Abubakar facilitates Nigeria’s transition to a democratic states and allows the nine registered parties to promote their candidate.


The Universal Primary Education was replaced by Universal Basic Education program.

Nigeria membership in commonwealth was reinstated.

May: Obasanjo became the Nigeria’s democrated elected, civilian president, ushering in the fourth republic.


Zamfara state was the first state to incorporate aspect of sharia into a criminal law.

The vigilante Bakassi boys emerge in Anambra state.


A series of clashes between the Jukun and Tiv in Taraba state over land dispute.

October: A massacre of an estimated hundred civilian carried out by Nigerian soldiers in Benue state.

Nigeria participate in the launch of new partnership for African Development.


Twelve state predominating in the north, implement sharia into their law.

The international court of justice, rules in favour of Cameroon regarding the disputed Bakassi Peninsula.

February: violence between Yoruba and Hausa youths erupts in Lagos over religion.

March: Safiya Husseini was acquitted of adultery which save her from the sentence of death by stoning.




Related Articles